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American Indians in WWI

Geolocalisation bp
  • Bench
McCurtain County

The Calvin Wilson Code Talker Bridge is located on US-70 -- east of N4750 Co. Road. 

  • Bench
Bryan County

The Charles Walter Veach Code Talker Bridge is located on the US-70 bypass -- east of Durant.

  • Dedication Date: 1995
  • James Killian Spratt
500 block of Tsali Blvd.
28719 Cherokee

This memorial site is located within the Cherokee Veterans Park. The memorial site, itself, consists of a seven sided granite stele topped with a bronze bust of Medal of Honor recipient Charles George. He is shown wearing an army helmet with the Medal of Honor around the neck. Each side of the stele has a pictograph representing one of the seven clans of the Cherokee Nation: Deer, Blue, Long Hair, Wolf, Bird, Paint and Wild Potato. Incised on the front is the Great Seal of the United States. Below this are the Seal of the Cherokee Nation, then the Fox clan, and then the list of Cherokee veterans killed in action. The other sides of the stele show the Coat of Arms for the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Air Force and Merchant Marine.

Encircling the stele are seven table-stones. They list by clan the names of every known Eastern Band of Cherokee Indian that has served in the armed forces since the war of 1812.

At the entrance to the memorial site is a lectern top granite block with a bronze inscription plaque. On the front of this block, in color, is a mountain landscape. Superimposed over the landscape is a seven sided Cherokee star. Pictured inside the star is an Indian with long flowing hair, trees and mountains in moonlight. And the inscription on this stone reads:

“Cherokee Veterans Park”

“This park is dedicated to all members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians who served Honorably in the armed forces of this great Nation, and especially to those who died in the effort and to Charles George, the only member of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee to be awarded the congressional Medal of Honor.”

  • Dedication Date: Nov. 11, 2005
17675 S. Muskogee Ave.
74464 Tahlequah

The Cherokee Warrior Memorial is located on the grounds of the Cherokee National headquarters. The memorial is 12 feet tall and is made of black granite.

There is an inscription on the memorial which reads: "A grateful Cherokee Nation dedicates this memorial to all Cherokee men and women, both living and dead, who have defended their families, their people and their homeland. These names are carved in stone forever. POW-MIA, you are not forgotten." The words are etched in both Cherokee syllabary and English.

Behind the wall, there stand ten flag poles: the US flag in the middle, flanked by the POW-MIA flag and Cherokee Nation flag. The remaining seven include the branches of the US military as well as those of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and United Keetoowah Band.

100 Red Moon Circle
73022 El Reno

Cheyenne-Arapaho-Veterans Memorial Wall

This war memorial stands on the grounds of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribal Headquarters. This is a beautiful war memorial, erected near the tribal administration offices. Four black granite pillars are engraved with the names of tribal members who have served in this Nation's wars. The photo gallery shows closeups of some of the names which are distinctly Native American. Above the four pillars a black granite cross beam reads: "Men and Women Who Served to Protect our Freedoms", and the words: Duty - Honor - Country - Tribe. A red granite gabled pediment is above engraved: "Cheyenne-Arapaho Veterans" and the words: Tsistsistas (Cheyenne) and Hinono'el (Arapaho). The center black pillar has a map of Oklahoma, with tribal symbols. It reads: "In honor of our veterans and the Gold Star Mothers we dedicate this memorial". Beneath that: "Our veterans gave a portion of their lives, and some lost their lives in order for us to enjoy the freedom we have now". The names of those Killed In Action are listed beneath. The memorial stands on an octagonal plaza with two benches and is lit at night. Designed and built by Willis Granite.

Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation
Eagle Butte

This memorial stone is located in the town of Eagle Butte, and honors the Sioux veterans, chiefs, and valiant men who died fighting in WWI.

The impetus to erect this memorial came from Congress, in April 29, 1930, when they passed the resolution to build a memorial in order to honor the twenty-five Sioux men who fought in WWI.

411 W 9th St.
73460 Tishomingo

This stone memorial stands outside of the Chickasaw National Capitol. It is inscribed with the Chickasaw National seal, and the words: “Dedicated to all patriotic Chickasaw men and women who have served their Nation.”

  • Dedication Date: June 9, 1990
45th Infantry Museum 2145 NE 36th St.
73111 Oklahoma City

This memorial is located in a grassy area to the east of the 45th Infantry Division Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The memorial stone is composed of red granite, and is dedicated to alumni of the Chilocco Indian Boarding School who gave their lives in WWI, WWII, Korea and Vietnam. It was dedicated on June 9, 1990, by Chilocco's National Alumni Association on Chilocco's 106th Anniversary.

An inscription along the bottom of the memorial reads:

“To those of the 279th Infantry Regiment who joined with us in combat and fell.

Dedicated to Chiloccoans who gave their all

Dedicated June 9, 1990 on Chilocco's 106th Anniversary

Pride Honor Peace”

Photo courtesy of Forest County Potawatomi

This memorial is inscribed: In Honor of Those Choctaws Who Gave Their Lives in Defense of Our Nation. It is further dedicated to the Choctaw code talkers of WW1. Although Native Americans were not considered citizens during WW1, roughly 10,000 volunteered to serve. Once they reached the front, Native servicemembers were stereotyped as fierce warriors and frequently assigned to dangerous missions. As a result, they suffered casualty rates five times higher than U.S. troops overall.

10 Council House Rd.
74574 Tuskahoma

This memorial park stands outside of the Choctaw National Capitol. It is composed of a series of black granite memorial stones. Entering the memorial area, you pass through a medium-sized black granite arch which is inscribed with the Choctaw insignia, seals of the branches of the military, and the words: “Choctaw War Memorial.” Beyond the memorial arch, stand multiple black granite memorials inscribed with the names of Choctaw veterans.

1899 S. Gordon Cooper Dr.
74801 Shawnee

The Citizen Potawatomi Nation (CPN) Veterans Memorial, called the Wall of Honor, is located inside of the Long Room, which is inside of the CPN’s Cultural Heritage Center. The names and accomplishments of the veterans are included in the displays. Photos, plaques, framed letters, awards, and decorations are displayed to pay homage to those warriors.

Trail of the Coeur d'Alenes (off Anne Antelope Ave)
83851 Plummer

This memorial site is composed of two upright memorial stones, a large curved memorial wall, and a metal statue of a Native American man setting upon a horse which rests in the center of the memorial site.

The first of the upright memorial stones bears an inscription regarding the “Veterans of The Schitsu’ Umsh” which reads: “Our sons and daughters were taken from us while defending America. We hear their heartbeat. We hear their laughter in the breeze and we see their tears in the rain. We will never forget them. We pay tribute to the service of our men and women of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe who made the ultimate sacrifice to protect this great nation. As their ancestors before them, they served with distinction, pride and honor in times of peace and conflict. For them there is no more sorrow or pain. Let them forever sleep in peace and their dreams be realized by those who they defended. We honor all of our Coeur d'Alene warriors. We keep vigilant in our hearts those who sacrificed their lives in the name of freedom. The sound of their heartbeats will echo through time.”

The other upright memorial stone bears an inscription regarding the “Warriors of The Steptoe Battle” which reads: “Truth and equality is what they sought after but could not find in the newcomers to this land. To this realization and with the understanding of the price of freedom and life's reality, they committed to take a course of action that put them at the forefront of battle with greed and ignorance. So this was their sacrifice. Showing all the living human race the emblem of commitment. Bounds to the love and respect of their loved ones and to their beloved land they called home. Our warriors, both men and women put the ultimate sacrifice down for all to see. Their blood still resides on the prairie as a reminder for us, not to take our life for granted. Through them ‘Our life is a gift by the Creator.’ 'etspute'stmet khwe gul snshi'tsntsutnet (We honor our ancestors).”

It is upon the large curved memorial wall that the names of the veterans are inscribed. Those veterans who fought in WWI are as follows: Joseph I. Cherapkin (Army), John Baptiste Falcon (Army), John F. Moctelme (Army), and Nicholas P. Campbell (Army).

99155 Nespelem

This stone memorial bears the names of Colville tribal veterans.

584 NW Bingo Road
73538 Elgin

The Comanche Veterans Court of Honor is composed of 13 pillars, with 12 of the pillars arranged in 2 parallel rows along the outer perimeter of the courtyard, and 1 pillar at the center-front of the 2 parallel rows. There is also a Comanche Code Talker Memorial, 2 benches, and a “Walk of Flags.” A total of some 1280 names are listed, including 13 fallen warriors, and 6 Prisoners of War (POW), on the 13 pillars. The “Walk of Flags” is composed of the Oklahoma, U.S. Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), U.S. Navy (USN), U.S. Air Force (USAF), and U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) flags.

  • Memorial Hunters Club Submission: Robert Shay, PH3, USNR-R, 1964-70
North Osage Ave
74447 Okmulgee

Creek Nation Memorial Circle Warriors Memorial Monument. Located at Creek Nation Headquarters, Okmulgee, OK - North Osage Ave. & Oklahoma Hwy. 56 Loop.

  • Memorial Hunters Club Submission: Robert Shay, PH3, USNR-R, 1964-70
1000 OK-56
74447 Okmulgee

Creek Nation Veterans Memorial Museum.  Located at Creek Nation Headquarters, Okmulgee, OK - North Osage Ave. & Oklahoma Hwy. 56 Loop.

  • Single figure -- soldier
Bullhead Veteran's Memorial Park, near intersection of Bullhead Rd and Sitting Bull Ave
57621 Bullhead

Description and photo from The E.M. Viquesney Doughboy Database

This monument is one of just two Viquesney Doughboys which specifically recognize the service of Native Americans in World War I. Muskogee, Oklahoma's recognizes "The Five Civilized Tribes" of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. For preservation purposes, the Doughboy has been heavily painted. The predominant color is green, but the face and hands are white, puttees (leggings) and shoes black, and the rifle and field pack brown. It appears to be in good condition, but the bayonet is missing.The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation is located just west of the Missouri River in both North and South Dakota. The larger portion is in South Dakota, but tribal offices are at Fort Yates, North Dakota, about 10 miles north of the line between the states. Bullhead is about 15 miles south of the line.

The inscription on the plaque on the front of the base reads:


JUNE 29, 1935

The inscription on a plaque on the rear of the base reads:

(followed by 8 names with stars)

(followed by 10 names)

(followed by 12 names)

(followed by 21 names)

The plaque was also made by E. M. Viquesney.  Many of the names listed are tribal, rather than “Anglicized”.


Although the presentation date on the plaque reads June 29, 1935, the unveiling ceremony was held four days later on July 3. A photograph and description of the unveiling ceremony can be seen at Digital Horizons. Background details in that old photo suggest that the statue and flagpole might have been later moved a short distance to the present location.

54566 Wabeno

This memorial stands outside of the Potawatomi Carter Casino Hotel. It is composed of a series of sections made of black granite. On the middle section the Potawatomi seal is inscribed on top, followed by an inscription which reads: “In honor of Bodwē Wad Mi Nesh Na Bē She Ma Gne Shek.” And beneath the inscription, the five seals of the military are shown: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. On the left and right section of the memorial stones are inscribed the names of the veterans. Also, situated near the black granite stones is a metal statue of a Native American man sitting on the ground.

Fort Hall Veterans Memorial Park (on HWY 91)
83202 Pocatello

This memorial is located inside of the Fort Hall Veterans Memorial Park. It is a concrete memorial inlaid with a plaque which reads: “The Shoshone Bannock Tribes dedicate this memorial in honor of the men and women who served their country in the armed forces of World Wars I and II.” Beneath the dedication, the names of individual veterans are inscribed.

98357 Neah Bay

This memorial is composed of black granite and it is located within the Fort Núñez Gaona-Diah Veteran's Park.

There is an inscription on the left side of the memorial stone which reads: "This ground dedicated to honor all veterans who served from the Makah Reservation in the military of the United States of America to preserve our freedom. Proudly we served. We all came home."

Inscribed upon the right side of the memorial stone are the military seals, and veteran's names.